Poomse : Taekwondo poomse is essentially a routine with a theme. It is a combination of techniques of block and attack performed consecutively while moving in certain directions.
There are 5 main reasons why we do patterns:
- Inner Peace
- Practicing basic block/strikes
The World Tae Kwon Do Federation (WTF) has 8 colored belt forms and 9 black belt forms. The colored belt forms are all numbered from one to eight and are called Tae Geuk.
Tae Geuk: The origin of all universal things.
“Tae Geuk represents the most profound oriental philosophy, from which Oriental philosophical views on the world, cosmos and life are derived. Tae Geuk has no form, no beginning, no ending, yet everything comes from Tae Geuk. It is something that contains the essence of everything.”
Tae Geuk (1) Il Jhang: Symbolizes heaven and light.
“Heaven provides rain and the sun provides light, and together they make things grow. It is the basis of all things.”
Tae Geuk (2) Ee Jhan: Symbolizes joyfulness.
“Tae is symbolized by the image of a lake. It is the state in which one’s mind is kept firm and ostensibly appears gentle so that smile and virtue prevail.”
Tae Geuk (3) Sahm Jhang: Symbolizes fire and sun.
“Ri is the philosophical correlative of this form; and Ri means fire and sun. The sun causes fire. Man knows how to use fire that gives light, warmth, enthusiasm and hope.”
Tae Geuk (4) Sah Jhang: Symbolizes thunder and lightning.
“Thunder and lightning are the objects of fear and trembling. This principle suggest that we should act calmly and bravely even in the face of danger and fear. Then the blue sky and bright sunlight will appear again.”
Tae Geuk (5) Oh Jhang: Symbolizes wind.
“There are such horrible winds as typhoons, storms and tornadoes, but the nature of wind is gentle. Spring breeze caresses weeping willow. Wind symbolizes humble state of mind. It expresses repetitive good-natured actions. Actions proceed sometimes gently and monotonously as breeze, but sometimes as forcefully as storms.”
Tae Geuk (6) Yook Jhang: Symbolizes water.
“Defined by the concept of gam – water, flowing, shapeless, always true to its nature, merges all obstacles in its path in its own sense of flow. It is important for the practitioner to recognize this is a type of confidence, of always knowing whatever difficulties he/she may encounter in life, or in the practice of his/her art, there exists no doubt of overcoming them as long as he/she retains the qualities of acceptance, flow and natural integrity.”
Tae Geuk (7) Chil Jhang: Symbolizes the mountain.
“We should stop when we should and we must go forward when we must. Man must learn stability of mountain. We should not act in a hasty manner.”
Tae Geuk (8) Pahl Jhang: Symbolizes the earth.
“The earth is the source of life. Things take life from it and grow on it, drawing limitless energy from it. The earth is where the creative force of heaven is embodied. The earth is always wordless; it hugs and grows everything.”
Koryo is the first of the black belt forms practiced by 1st Dan and above. It has 30 movements and is the name of the ancient Korean dynasty (A.D. 918-1392) in which the English word Korea was derived from. This poomse is significant as it symbolizes the great fortitude displayed by the people who were persistently defeating the aggression of Mongolians who were sweeping Asia at the time. This poomse, therefore, represents the cultivation of a strong conviction, and unyielding spirit.